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Many translated example sentences containing "machine gun" – German-English dictionary and search engine for German translations. Worttrennung: ma·chine gun, Plural: ma·chine guns. Bedeutungen:  Militär: Maschinengewehr. Abkürzungen: MG. Herkunft: zusammengesetzt aus machine. machine gun Bedeutung, Definition machine gun: 1. an automatic gun that can fire a lot of bullets one after the other very quickly: 2. to shoot.
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Il 3 settembre il rapper pubblica il singolo Rap Devil , proponendolo come aperto brano diss nei confronti del noto rapper statunitense Eminem , che a sua volta lo aveva attaccato in Not Alike , traccia contenuta nell'album Kamikaze pubblicato a fine agosto dello stesso anno.
Nella primavera del , Machine Gun Kelly avvia la promozione di Hotel Diablo , il suo quarto album in studio pubblicato nel luglio dello stesso anno.
Machine Gun Kelly ha una figlia di nome Casie, nata nel Machine Gun Kelly ha tentato il suicidio per overdose.
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Although subdivided into " light ", " medium ", " heavy " or " general-purpose ", even the lightest machine guns tend to be substantially larger and heavier than standard infantry arms.
Medium and heavy machine guns are either mounted on a tripod or on a vehicle; when carried on foot, the machine gun and associated equipment tripod, ammunition, spare barrels require additional crew members.
Light machine guns are designed to provide mobile fire support to a squad and are typically air-cooled weapons fitted with a box magazine or drum and a bipod; they may use full-size rifle rounds, but modern examples often use intermediate rounds.
Medium machine guns use full-sized rifle rounds and are designed to be used from fixed positions mounted on a tripod.
Heavy machine gun is a term originating in World War I to describe heavyweight medium machine guns and persisted into World War II with Japanese Hotchkiss M clones; today, however, it is used to refer to automatic weapons with a caliber of at least.
A general-purpose machine gun is usually a lightweight medium machine gun that can either be used with a bipod and drum in the light machine gun role or a tripod and belt feed in the medium machine gun role.
Machine guns usually have simple iron sights, though the use of optics is becoming more common. A common aiming system for direct fire is to alternate solid "ball" rounds and tracer ammunition rounds usually one tracer round for every four ball rounds , so shooters can see the trajectory and "walk" the fire into the target, and direct the fire of other soldiers.
Many heavy machine guns , such as the Browning M2. Other automatic weapons are subdivided into several categories based on the size of the bullet used, whether the cartridge is fired from a closed bolt or an open bolt , and whether the action used is locked or is some form of blowback.
Fully automatic firearms using pistol-calibre ammunition are called machine pistols or submachine guns largely on the basis of size; those using shotgun cartridges are almost always referred to as automatic shotguns.
The term personal defense weapon PDW is sometimes applied to weapons firing dedicated armor-piercing rounds which would otherwise be regarded as machine pistols or SMGs, but it is not particularly strongly defined and has historically been used to describe a range of weapons from ordinary SMGs to compact assault rifles.
Selective fire rifles firing a full-power rifle cartridge from a closed bolt are called automatic rifles or battle rifles , while rifles that fire an intermediate cartridge are called assault rifles.
Assault rifles are a compromise between the size and weight of a pistol-calibre submachine gun and a full-size battle rifle, firing intermediate cartridges and allowing semi-automatic and burst or full-automatic fire options selective fire , sometimes with both of the latter present.
Many machine guns are of the locked breech type, and follow this cycle:. The operation is basically the same for all locked breech automatic firearms, regardless of the means of activating these mechanisms.
There are also multi-chambered formats, such as revolver cannon , and some automatic weapons, including many submachine guns , the Schwarzlose machine gun etc.
Most modern machine guns are of the locking type, and of these, most utilize the principle of gas-operated reloading , which taps off some of the propellant gas from the fired cartridge, using its mechanical pressure to unlock the bolt and cycle the action.
The Russian PK machine gun is an example. Another efficient and widely used format is the recoil actuated type, which uses the gun's recoil energy for the same purpose.
Machine guns such as the M2 Browning and MG42 , are of this second kind. A cam, lever or actuator absorbs part of the energy of the recoil to operate the gun mechanism.
An externally actuated weapon uses an external power source, such as an electric motor or hand crank, to move its mechanism through the firing sequence.
Modern weapons of this type are often referred to as Gatling guns , after the original inventor not only of the well-known hand-cranked 19th century proto-machine gun, but also of the first electrically-powered version.
They have several barrels each with an associated chamber and action on a rotating carousel and a system of cams that load, cock, and fire each mechanism progressively as it rotates through the sequence; essentially each barrel is a separate bolt-action rifle using a common feed source.
The continuous nature of the rotary action, and its relative immunity to overheating allow for an incredibly high cyclic rate of fire, often several thousand rounds per minute.
Rotary guns are less prone to jamming than a gun operated by gas or recoil, as the external power source will eject misfired rounds with no further trouble, but this is not possible in the rare cases of self-powered rotary guns.
Whereas such weapons are highly reliable and formidably effective, one drawback is that the weight and size of the power source and driving mechanism makes them usually impractical for use outside of a vehicle or aircraft mount.
Revolver cannons , such as the Mauser MK , were developed in World War II by the Germans to provide high-caliber cannons with a reasonable rate of fire and reliability.
In contrast to the rotary format, such weapons have a single barrel, and a recoil-operated carriage holding a revolving chamber with typically five chambers.
As each round is fired, electrically, the carriage moves back rotating the chamber which also ejects the spent case, indexes the next live round to be fired with the barrel and loads the next round into the chamber.
The action is very similar to that of the revolver pistols common in the 19th and 20th centuries, giving this type of weapon its name.
A Chain gun is a specific, patented type of Revolver cannon, the name in this case deriving from its driving mechanism. Firing a machine gun for prolonged periods produces large amounts of heat.
In a worst-case scenario this may cause a cartridge to overheat and detonate even when the trigger is not pulled, potentially leading to damage or causing the gun to cycle its action and keep firing until it has exhausted its ammunition supply or jammed this is known as cooking off , distinct from runaway fire where the sear fails to re-engage when the trigger is released.
To prevent this, some kind of cooling system is required. Early machine guns were often water-cooled ; while this technology was very effective, and was indeed one of the sources of the notorious efficiency of machine guns during the First World War , the water jackets also added considerable weight to an already bulky design; they were also vulnerable to bullets themselves.
Armour could of course be provided, and in WW I the Germans in particular often did this; but this added yet more weight to the guns. Air-cooled machine guns often feature quick-change barrels often carried by a crew member , passive cooling fins, or in some designs forced-air cooling, such as that employed by the Lewis Gun.
Advances in metallurgy and use of special composites in barrel liners allow for greater heat absorption and dissipation during firing.
The higher the rate of fire, the more often barrels must be changed and allowed to cool. To minimize this, most air-cooled guns are fired only in short bursts or at a reduced rate of fire.
Some designs — such as the many variants of the MG42 — are capable of rates of fire in excess of 1, rounds per minute.
Gatling guns are capable of the fastest firing rates of all, partly because this format involves extra energy being injected into the system from outside, instead of depending on energy derived from the propellant contained within the cartridges, and partly because this design deals with the unwanted heat most efficiently — effectively quick-changing the barrel and chamber after every shot.
The multiple guns that comprise a Gatling being a much larger bulk of metal than other, single-barreled guns, they are thus much slower to rise in temperature for a given amount of heat.
Simultaneously they are much better at shedding the excess, as the extra barrels not only provide a larger surface area from which to dissipate it, but in the nature of the design are spun at very high speed, which has the benefit of producing enhanced air-cooling as a side-effect.
In weapons where the round seats and fires at the same time, mechanical timing is essential for operator safety, to prevent the round from firing before it is seated properly.
Machine guns are controlled by one or more mechanical sears. When a sear is in place, it effectively stops the bolt at some point in its range of motion.
Some sears stop the bolt when it is locked to the rear. Other sears stop the firing pin from going forward after the round is locked into the chamber.
Almost all machine guns have a "safety" sear , [ citation needed ] which simply keeps the trigger from engaging. The first successful machine-gun designs were developed in the midth century.
The key characteristic of modern machine guns, their relatively high rate of fire and more importantly mechanical loading,  first appeared in the Model Gatling gun , which was adopted by the United States Navy.
These weapons were still powered by hand; however, this changed with Hiram Maxim 's idea of harnessing recoil energy to power reloading in his Maxim machine gun.
Gatling also experimented with electric-motor-powered models; as discussed above, this externally powered machine reloading has seen use in modern weapons as well.
While technical use of the term "machine gun" has varied, the modern definition used by the Sporting Arms and Ammunition Manufacturers' Institute of America is "a fully automatic firearm that loads, fires and ejects continuously when the trigger is held to the rear until the ammunition is exhausted or pressure on the trigger is released.
The first known ancestors of multi-shot weapons were medieval organ guns , while the first to have the ability to fire multiple shots from a single barrel without a full manual reload were revolvers made in Europe in the late s.
One is a shoulder-gun-length weapon made in Nuremberg, Germany, circa Another is a revolving arquebus , produced by Hans Stopler of Nuremberg in True repeating long arms were difficult to manufacture prior to the development of the unitary firearm cartridge; nevertheless, lever-action repeating rifles such as the Kalthoff repeater and Cookson repeater were made in small quantities in the 17th century.
Perhaps the earliest examples of predecessors to the modern machine gun are to be found in East Asia. According to the Wu-Pei-Chih, a booklet examining Chinese military equipment produced during the first quarter of the 17th century, the Chinese army had in its arsenal the 'Po-Tzu Lien-Chu-P'ao' or 'string-ofbullets cannon'.
This was a repeating cannon fed by a hopper which fired its charges sequentially. This weapon was also hopper-fed and never went into mass production.
In the first mention of the automatic principle of machine guns was in a paper presented to the Royal Society of England by an Englishman by the name of Palmer who described a volley gun capable of being operated by either recoil or gas.
Another early revolving gun was created by James Puckle , a London lawyer, who patented what he called "The Puckle Gun " on May 15, It was a design for a manually operated 1.
According to Puckle, it was able to fire round bullets at Christians and square bullets at Turks. In , Philadelphia gunsmith Joseph Belton offered the Continental Congress a "new improved gun" , which was capable of firing up to twenty shots in five seconds; unlike older repeaters using complex lever-action mechanisms, it used a simpler system of superposed loads , and was loaded with a single large paper cartridge.
Congress requested that Belton modify flintlock muskets to fire eight shots in this manner, but rescinded the order when Belton's price proved too high.
In the early and midth century, a number of rapid-firing weapons appeared which offered multi-shot fire, mostly volley guns.
Volley guns such as the Mitrailleuse and double-barreled pistols relied on duplicating all parts of the gun, though the Nock gun used the otherwise-undesirable "chain fire" phenomenon where multiple chambers are ignited at once to propagate a spark from a single flintlock mechanism to multiple barrels.
Pepperbox pistols also did away with needing multiple hammers but used multiple manually operated barrels. Revolvers further reduced this to only needing a pre-prepared cylinder and linked advancing the cylinder to cocking the hammer.
However, these were still manually operated. In the s a machine gun was designed by a Swiss man called Jacob Steuble, who tried to sell it to the Russian, English and French governments.
The English and Russian governments showed interest but the former refused to pay Steuble, who later sued them for this transgression, and the latter tried to imprison him.
The French government showed interest at first and while they noted that mechanically there was nothing wrong with Steuble's invention they turned him down, stating that the machine both lacked novelty and could not be usefully employed by the army.
In a short description of a prototype electrically-ignited mechanical machine gun was published in Scientific American by a J. The model described is small in scale and works by rotating a series of barrels vertically so that it is feeding at the top from a 'tube' or hopper and could be discharged immediately at any elevation after having received a charge, according to the author.
In an Italian by the name of Cesar Rosaglio announced his invention of a machine gun capable of being operated by a single man and firing shots a minute or 12, in an hour after taking into account the time needed to reload the 'tanks' of ammunition.
In June a model of a 'war engine' allegedly capable of firing 10, ball cartridges in 10 minutes was demonstrated by a British inventor called Francis McGetrick.
In a rotary cannon using a unique form of wheellock ignition was designed by an Irish immigrant to America by the name of Delany. In a British patent for a mechanically operated machine gun was filed by Henry Clarke.
This weapon used multiple barrels arranged side by side, fed by a revolving cylinder that was in turn fed by hoppers, similar to the system used by Nichols.
The gun could be fired by percussion or electricity, according to the author. Unlike other mechanically operated machine guns of the era, this weapon didn't use any form of self-contained cartridge, with firing being carried out by separate percussion caps.
In his patent, Bessemer describes a hydropneumatic blowback-operated, fully automatic cannon. Part of the patent also refers to a steam-operated piston to be used with firearms but the bulk of the patent is spent detailing the former system.
In America, a patent for a machine gun type weapon was filed by John Andrus Reynolds in Barnes in In France and Britain, a mechanically operated machine gun was patented in by the Frenchman Francois Julien.
This weapon was a cannon that fed from a type of open-ended tubular magazine, only using rollers and an endless chain in place of springs.
The Agar Gun , otherwise known as a "coffee-mill gun" because of its resemblance to a coffee mill, was invented by Wilson Agar at the beginning of the US Civil War.
The weapon featured mechanized loading using a hand crank linked to a hopper above the weapon. The weapon featured a single barrel and fired through the turning of the same crank; it operated using paper cartridges fitted with percussion caps and inserted into metal tubes which acted as chambers; it was therefore functionally similar to a revolver.
The weapon was demonstrated to President Lincoln in The Union Army eventually purchased a total of 54 of the weapons.
However, due to antiquated views of the Ordnance Department the weapons, like its more famous counterpart the Gatling Gun, saw only limited use.
The Gatling gun , patented in by Richard Jordan Gatling , was the first to offer controlled, sequential fire with mechanical loading.
The design's key features were machine loading of prepared cartridges and a hand-operated crank for sequential high-speed firing. It first saw very limited action in the American Civil War ; it was subsequently improved and used in the Franco-Prussian war and North-West Rebellion.
Many were sold to other armies in the late 19th century and continued to be used into the early 20th century, until they were gradually supplanted by Maxim guns.
Early multi-barrel guns were approximately the size and weight of contemporary artillery pieces, and were often perceived as a replacement for cannon firing grapeshot or canister shot.
In a Lt. Friberg of the Swedish army patented a fully automatic recoil-operated firearm action and may have produced firing prototypes of a derived design around this was the forerunner to the Kjellman machine gun , though, due to rapid residue buildup from the use of black powder, Friberg's design was not a practical weapon.
Also in , the Bavarian regiment of the Prussian army used a unique mitrailleuse style weapon in the Franco-Prussian war. The weapon was made up of four barrels placed side by side that replaced the manual loading of the French mitrailleuse with a mechanical loading system featuring a hopper containing 41 cartridges at the breech of each barrel.
Although it was used effectively at times, mechanical difficulties hindered its operation and it was ultimately abandoned shortly after the war ended de.In the early and midth century, a number of rapid-firing weapons appeared which Beste Spielothek in Cammerforst finden multi-shot fire, mostly volley guns. Retrieved 17 July Some machine guns have in practice sustained fire almost continuously for hours; other automatic weapons overheat after less than a minute of use. Archived from the original on 1 December General-purpose machine gun GPMG. South Korea. Archived from the original on 5 November Bergmann MG 15nA machine gun. Type 81 squad machine gun. Machine Gun Preacher: Die wahre Geschichte eines Predigers, der bis zum Äußersten geht, um Kinder zu retten | Childers, Sam | ISBN: Übersetzung Englisch-Deutsch für machine gun im PONS Online-Wörterbuch nachschlagen! Gratis Vokabeltrainer, Verbtabellen, Aussprachefunktion. Worttrennung: ma·chine gun, Plural: ma·chine guns. Bedeutungen:  Militär: Maschinengewehr. Abkürzungen: MG. Herkunft: zusammengesetzt aus machine. machine gun Bedeutung, Definition machine gun: 1. an automatic gun that can fire a lot of bullets one after the other very quickly: 2. to shoot.